Programmieren an einer internationalen Uni kostenlos lernen – Willkommen in der Zukunft

von redaktion

Schon im Wintersemester 2011/12 waren die Hörsäle an einigen deutschen Universitäten durch den riesigen Ansturm neuer Studenten überfüllt. Dies zeichnet sich auch jetzt wieder zum Beginn des Sommersemesters ab. Gibt es denn gar keine Lösung für diese Misere ?  Das Lernen in überfüllten Hörsälen und Seminaren macht doch sicher keinen Spaß. Auch die mittelmäßige Reputation deutscher Universitäten sollte auf den Prüfstand.

Warum also zusammen mit tausenden Studenten sich in enge Hörsäle “pferchen”, wenn man in internationalen Classrooms oder Universitäten zusammen mit Hunderttausenden Studenten problemlos von zu Hause aus lernen kann ?
Vision ?  Zukunft ? Nein !
Schon mit unserer Lernwerkstatt Informatik, auf Grundlage der Cisco Networking Academy, sind wir am “größten Klassenzimmer” der Welt beteiligt. Schüler und Studenten lernen hier wichtige Grundlagen moderner Informationstechnik Online – einfach auch von zu Hause aus.

Doch es gibt in der Zwischenzeit weitere, spannende  Online Angebote. Mit dem Angebot udacity.com hat ein ehemaliger Professor der Stanford University, zusammen mit anerkannten Dozenten, ein internationales Angebot kostenlos online gestellt. In ausgesuchten Angeboten kann hier gelernt werden wie eine Suchmaschine funktioniert, wie Computer Programme entwickelt und Web Applikationen entworfen werden. Ab 16. April geht ein Kurs über angewandte Kryptographie, also Verschlüsselungstechniken online.

Ich habe mich in den Kurs – Building a Search Engine eingeschrieben. Der Kurs läuft über 7 Wochen und wird mit einer Abschlußprüfung abgeschlossen. Leider bin ich dazu etwas zu spät eingestiegen. Ich kann diese Prüfung aber im nächsten Kurs ablegen. Der Unterricht ist in einzelne Units aufgeteilt. Diese Units bestehen etwa aus 40 Videosequenzen, Laufzeit 2-3 min., die bei youtube gehostet werden. Zu den einzelnen Sequenzen werden Verständnisfragen und Programmieraufgaben gestellt.

Der Unterricht läuft ohne jegliche Vorkenntnisse auf der Basis der Programmiersprache Python in Englisch. Man braucht dazu nichts installieren, sondern kann alle Programmieraufgaben direkt im Browser erledigen. Es erfolgt nach Übermittlung einer Lösung sofort ein Online Feedback, einfacher geht es nicht, das macht richtig Spaß.

Der Unterricht in Englisch hat den Vorteil, daß man sich sehr viel stärker konzentriert, habe ich den Eindruck. Davon einmal abgesehen, daß man nebenbei eventuell seine Englischkenntnisse verbessert.

In jeder Videosequenz erfolgen ausführliche Erklärungen auf einem visuellen Board und es wird sofort gezeigt wie dies in der Programmiersprache umgesetzt werden kann. Man kann das Erlernte also sofort ausprobieren.

Professor Thrun meint dazu  ja: “Studenten lernen am Besten, wenn sie selbst ein Problem lösen müssen. Was wirklich nicht klappt sind die klassischen Vorlesungen. Für die Meisten sind sie zu schnell oder unverständlich. Ich selbst kann mich an einen deutschen Professor erinnern, der vor ein paar Jahren eine Antrittsvorlesung zur Künstlichen Intelligenz gehalten hat, also in meinem Fachgebiet – und ich habe nichts verstanden! ”

“Dabei sollte Unterricht wie ein guter Film funktionieren. Er muss so spannend sein, dass man erst ausschaltet, wenn er vorbei ist.”

[ Den Artikel von Stanford Professor Thrun über Ausbildung im 21. Jahrhundert findet man hier …. Spiegel ]

Kostenlose Online Universität udacity.com

Wie bei Cisco wird auch an dieser Universität sehr stark die Zusammenarbeit unter den internationalen Studenten gefördert.

Als Student bei udacity ist natürlich wichtig zu wissen, wie die Benotung erfolgt.

How will my final grade be determined?
Your final grade will be determined 50% based on the homework assignments and 50% based on the final exam. For the homework assignments, your lowest homework score will be dropped. The remaining five homework assignments will count equally, as 10% of your total grade each.

Interessant auch die Antwort auf die Frage, warum man sich überhaupt mit Computern und Informationstechnik beschäftigen sollte.

Why should I learn about computing?
There are three big reasons, the first two of which apply to everyone:

To understand the world, you need to understand computing and programming.

So much of our world today depends on computation whether you’re talking about cars (a few wheels and an engine attached to many computers running huge programs), communications, or cooking. Without understanding computers and how they are programmed, much of the world will increasingly seem like magic, and you will be at its mercy.

Being able to program provides personal empowerment.
Twenty years ago, Steve Jobs famously talking about computers as bicycles for the mind. Today, computers are far more powerful and connected worldwide — super-tanker-sized hypersonic spaceships of the mind. Without learning to program, you can still ride them if you are willing to remove your shoes at the security checkpoint and go where the pilot wants to go, but if you want to be the one flying you need to learn about programming.

Computing opens the door to some of the best jobs in the world, and enables almost everyone to do their job better.

Last year, Money Magazine reported that Software Developer as the #1 job for fast growth (#7 is IT Consultant). The SD Times reported that computer science majors received more job offers than any other major. CareerCast reports “Software Engineer, a job that involves the design and creation of software for everything from operating systems to cell phone “apps” to interactive games, ranks as the best job of 2011.”

Quelle: udacity.com

Hier ein Beispiel der Video Sequenzen bei udacity.com
Intruduction:

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